The years following 1998 remained turbulent and uncertain, with the Northern Ireland Assembly having been established but regularly suspended, mainly due to concerns about the continuation of paramilitary activities. It was not until 2005 that the IRA was dissolved, and in 2007 Sinn Féin supported the new police force, the PSNI. While the IRA seemed determined to dismantle its weapons, the Unionists were not satisfied. On 1 June 2001, David Trimble resigned as Prime Minister. In addition, three IRA suspects were arrested in Colombia for allegedly supporting FARC guerrillas. Under enormous pressure, the IRA announced on 23 October that it had begun a process to put the weapons out of service. However, the review of the IICD did not satisfy all unionists.1 The idea of the agreement was to get the two sides to work together in a group called the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly would take certain decisions previously taken by the British Government in London. On 11 January 2020, based on the new decade, the agreement on the new approach, the executive and the assembly were reinstated with the participation of the five main political parties in Northern Ireland. A copy of the agreement was sent to each chamber in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland for reading before a referendum was held when they could vote on it. The Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement because it was concluded on Good Friday, April 10, 1998. It was an agreement between the British and Irish governments and most of Northern Ireland`s political parties on how Northern Ireland should be governed.
The talks that led to the agreement focused on issues that had led to conflicts in recent decades. The aim was to create a new decentralised government for Northern Ireland in which unionists and nationalists would share power. In addition to reaffirming their commitment to human rights in the Good Friday Agreement, the parties agreed to amend United Kingdom legislation to incorporate the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) into the Northern Ireland Act (1998). The Northern Ireland Act 1998 also provided for the establishment of the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission. Following the adoption of the agreement by referendum, the Northern Ireland Act (1998) guaranteed the establishment of the ECHR in Northern Ireland. Their proposals on policing should be designed in such a way as to ensure that police regulations, including composition, recruitment, training, culture, ethics and symbols, are designed in such a way that, in a new approach, Northern Ireland has a police service that enjoys broad support from the community as a whole and is seen as an integral part of the community as a whole. The agreement provided for the establishment of an independent commission to review police regulation in Northern Ireland, „including ways to promote broad community support” for these arrangements. The UK government has also committed to a „comprehensive review” of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland. The Protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland, contained in the UK`s withdrawal agreement from the EU, reaffirmed that the Good Friday Agreement must be protected in its entirety. Some commentators have called the agreement „Sunningdale for slow learners,” suggesting that it was nothing more than what was offered in the 1973 Sunningdale Agreement.  This claim has been criticized by political scientists such as Richard Wilford and Stefan Wolff. The former noted that „there are significant differences between them [Sunningdale and Belfast], both in terms of the content and circumstances of their negotiation, implementation and operation”.
 In May/June 1999, the Commission conducted an opinion poll to understand public attitudes towards policing in Northern Ireland. The Commission also visited various locations, including several locations, including the United Kingdom, South Africa, Spain and the United States. On 9 September 1999, the Northern Ireland Independent Police Commission presented its report and made recommendations on issues related to human rights, accountability, community policing, police structure, size of the police service, composition of the police service and other matters. The Commission made 175 recommendations.1 Trade union policy responses to the report and its recommendations were not positive.2 „Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland,” BBC News, accessed January 29, 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/policing/commissi. In May 1998, adults from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland voted in favour of the Good Friday Agreement which formalised it – and the Northern Ireland Assembly took its seats in December of the same year. .