There were many weaknesses among the articles of Confederation. Congress struggled to pass laws because 9 of the 13 states had to approve them before laws could be passed. Since there was no president or executive branch, there was no way to ensure that laws passed by Congress were enforced. The RURAL Act could also be slowed down by the fact that neither the chair of the House Ways and Means Committee nor the chair of the Senate Finance Committee support the bill, Minta said. These committees are responsible for tax matters. It`s a convoluted system in which lawmakers are reluctant to legislate, presidents have to find ways to force action, and judges are asked to make decisions about what public policy will look like. It is hard to see how this agreement can help the country solve any of its pressing problems, but it is perhaps not surprising that so many of them have emerged and have not yet been resolved. Congress` most important method of determining government policy is legislation, but the legislature often refuses to legislate. This means that those seeking answers — both citizens and Congress itself — look to the courts to find solutions to the nation`s most pressing problems.
In 2020 alone, Americans asked the U.S. Supreme Court to rule on abortion, religious freedom, and immigration. These are all issues for which recent congressional proposals have not become law, with the executive branch taking action instead. „It seems that the biggest factor predicting the passage of the bill is whether the chair of the relevant committee is sponsoring the bill,” he said. „The bill will be subject to a committee hearing and an increase and is more likely to leave the House and become law. Presidents are usually in tune with leaders, which gives more weight to their support. These interprofessional conflicts have dragged the judiciary into political battles, leading to regular public and media discussions about the political views of Supreme Court members. Often, judges are not seen as neutral arbitrators, but as tools of the presidents who appointed them. Why was it very difficult to pass laws under the Articles of Confederation? All states had to agree before a law was passed. The votes of each state were not the same, so there were too many disagreements.
Citizens have not always let their states know how they want them to vote. Over time, presidents have expanded the scope of executive power by using decrees or ministerial rules to adjust government policy. When members of Congress disagree with these measures, they no longer work on drafting legislation to address the underlying problem. Instead, they go to court and call on the judiciary to arrest the president — and often claim that the president is usurping the power of Congress even though Congress has refused to exercise that power. During this session of Congress, only 2% of the bills introduced became law. When legislation is introduced, it is appointed in committee and then it must obtain a hearing. Lawmakers tried to force a vote on gun laws after the Orlando massacre. The Republican speaker of the House of Representatives called the protest a publicity stunt. Sometimes the Supreme Court has responded to lawsuits with actions. In a now-famous 1974 decision, the Supreme Court ordered President Richard Nixon to hand over his secret records of conversations to the Oval Office. In that decision, the judges cited a landmark decision from the early days of the United States: „It is absolutely the competence and duty of the judicial authority to say what the law is.” States retained all powers that had not been expressly delegated to the Congress.
Each state had only one vote (but had to have at least two representatives in Congress and could have up to seven). No one could be a member of Congress for more than three out of six years. No one could be president of Congress for more than a year in three years. Citizens of each state were allowed to move freely in any other state. And states have been urged to extradite criminals and give „full trust and recognition” to the judicial cases of other states. According to the articles of confederation, Congress could not raise taxes, there was no central power, it could not enforce its laws, even if it could (rarely) pass a law. The rules were too rigid according to the articles of Confederation, 9 states had to accept important laws before being passed and, in some cases, all 13 states had to agree. This episode brings together some of the pieces of the puzzle that govern legislative behavior: from the bicameral system to narrow-mindedness to the need for constant re-election. .